- Screening: A universal screening is used to quickly assess the patient’s use (and severity) of alcohol and either prescription or illicit drugs. Many people consume either alcoholic beverages or any number of drugs regularly for a variety of different reasons. The goal of the screening is to assess the use and severity of tobacco; alcohol; illicit drugs; and prescription drug use and misuse.
- Brief intervention: Provides feedback about risky behaviors. It also focuses on education, increasing patient insight and awareness about risks related to unhealthy substance use, and enhances motivation toward behavioral change.
- Referral to Treatment: Referrals to specialty care are written for patients with treatment needs greater than an intervention.